SHORT HISTORY OF TOBACCO
The tobacco plant, Nicotiana Tabacum, has its origin in the American continent, where it is believed to have been first cultivated by the natives of Central America – now called the Bolivian Andes – and subsequently transported to the rest of the continent due to the migration of Native Americans, especially the Tupi-Guarani indigenous community.
The name Nicotiana came out with the French ambassador Jean Nicot who introduced the product in France, and the name Tabacum is believed to be due to the Y-shaped tube, through which, the native aspired the grass smoke. This tube was named by Taino (tobacco).
Historical records refer to dating from the logbooks of Christopher Columbus, in 1492, there are descriptions of Indians who aspire smoke in sacred rituals of mythical origin.
In 1530, the tobacco plant was brought to Europe by the Portuguese, during the Portuguese Discoveries, and cultivated in the Royal Family lands. It had such a huge success because it was believed that tobacco had medicinal properties.
In 1560, Jean Nicot sent to Catherine de Medicis, Queen of France, the tobacco plant with the intention of helping her fighting the severe headaches she suffered. The Queen and the nobles of her court quickly acquired the habit of smoking, which quickly spread throughout Europe, starting then the marketing of powdered tobacco.
In 1585, the tobacco plant was introduced in England by the British corsair Sir Francis Drake. With the British navigator Sir Walter Raleigh, during the reign of Queen Elisabeth, was introduced the use of the pipe, which rapidly expanded throughout the world.
Despite the great success of tobacco in Europe and America, the earliest records of the use of cigarettes are dated only from 1840.
The tobacco plantation became the first non-food agriculture in the world.